Rhymes and Rhyme Schemes

Rhymes and Rhyme Schemes

Rhymes hold a very important place into the literary world, especially into the writings of poems. In English verification, the standard rhymes comprise of the repetition of the last stressed vowel, in the rhyming words, and of all the speech sounds that follow that vowel.

Rhyme schemes help in the further analysis of literary works. Thus, there prominence in this world of literature cannot be denied. Taking into consideration their variety, it may be inferred that student analyzing their works may need assignment help for the same.

There are various types of rhymes that have been segregated based on the various research paper writing done on the topic. This research took into consideration various works and then came to the desired conclusion:

  1. The end rhymes are the ones that occur at the end of a verse line.
  2. On the other hand, internal rhymes occur within a verse line, as seen in the Victorian poet Algernoon Swinburne’s lines- “Sister, my sister, O fleet sweet swallow”. In these lines the rhyming words fleet and sweet occur within a verse line.

Another example of both the above stated rhymes can be found in stanzas from the poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Coleridge

In another such example, we have the stanza from the poem The Solitary Reaper by William Wordsworth:

“Whate’er the theme, the Maiden sang…

Long after it was heard no more.”

The rhyme scheme in these lines is abcbddee. If we observe closely, we see that the lines 1 and 3 do not rhyme with any other line. Then in both the lines 5 and 6 as well as in lines 7 and 8, the rhyme consists of a single stresses syllable and thus is called a masculine rhyme. On the other hand, in lines 2 and 4, the rhyme consists of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one, and thus this is called a feminine rhyme.


The latter ones since it involves the repetition of two syllables, is also known as double rhyme. In a similar manner, the rhyme schemes that involve three syllables are called triple rhymes and since these rhymes coincide with surprising patness, they usually have a comic quality.

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Lord Byron, in his Don Juan, often uses the triple rhyme and sometimes even intensifies the comic effect by permitting the pressure of the rhyme in order to force a distortion of the pronunciation. This maltreatment of the words is called forced rhyme, wherein the poet gives the effect of seeming to surrender helplessly to the exigencies of difficult rhyme. In case the correspondence of the rhyme sound is exact, then it is called a true rhyme or a full rhyme or even a perfect rhyme.

Until the twentieth century, the English writers who wrote serious poems, limited themselves to perfect rhymes except for an occasional poetic license such as the eye rhymes.


These eye rhymes consisted of works whose endings are similar and spelled alike and in most instances were also pronounced alike, but in the course of time, they have acquired a different pronunciation. Today, many poets make a deliberate attempt to supplement perfect rhyme with an imperfect one,


which is also known as slant rhyme or approximate rhyme or para rhyme or even partial rhyme. Such type of effect is more common in children’s rhymes, and it was also employed occasionally by various writers of art lyrics such as Henry Vaughan in the seventeenth century, William Blake in the eighteenth century and sometimes even by Emily Dickinson in the nineteenth century.

In the poem The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower, Dylan Thomas very effectively uses distantly approximate rhymes as tomb- worm, trees- rose, rocks- wax, and flower- destroyer- fever.

The research paper writings on the rhyme schemes have also come up with this other concept known as rime riche, French word for rich rhyme. This rhyme scheme is the repetition of the consonant that precedes as well as the one that follows, the last stresses vowel.


In such a case the resulting pair of words are pronounced alike but have different meanings. This device is very common in French poetry. In England it traces its development at the hands of Geoffrey Chaucer. After Chaucer, this rhyme scheme has been rarely used in English poetry.

Now since we have learned about the origin and meaning of rhyme scheme, students wishing to get assignment help usa on the topic must remember that there are 10 different types of rhyme schemes-

1. Ballade

This is a lyrical poem that has a det rhyme scheme of ababbcbc. These poems usually have three stanzas of eight lines, following the above-mentioned rhyme scheme, and the latter stanza has four lines. The last line of each stanza is called refrain since it is same.

2. Alternate rhyme

In this type of rhyme scheme, the first and the third lines rhyme with each other and the second stand the fourth lines rhyme with each other, thus following a rhyme scheme of ABAB. This rhyme scheme is usually used in poems that contain four-line stanzas, for example, Psalm of Life by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

3. Monorhyme

In poems following monorhymes, all the lines in the stanza or the entire poem end with the same rhyme. An example of this can be Silent, Silent Night by William Blake.

4. Coupled Rhyme

In this type of rhyme scheme, we have a two-lined stanza following the rhyme scheme AA BB CC…and other such dual rhymes. These rhymes are also known as rhyming couplets. Examples of these can be found in Shakespeare’s sonnets that end in rhyming couplets.

5. Simple Four Line rhyme

Just as we saw in The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, this type of rhyme scheme is ABCB and can be witnessed throughout the poem.

6. Enclosed Rhyme

The pattern of such rhyme schemes is ABBA, wherein the first and the fourth lines rhyme with each other and the second and the third lines rhyme with each other.

7. Terza Rima

This is an Italian form of poetry which consists of tercets, wherein the rhyme scheme is ABA BCB CDC DED EE. In such rhyme schemes, the second line of a stanza rhymes with the first and the third lines of the next stanza and this goes on throughout the poem till it reaches its end, which concludes with the rhyme of the second line of the previous stanza rhyming with the ending couplet. P. B. Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind follows this rhyme scheme.

8. Triplet

Witnessed in the poem The Phoenix and the Turtle by William Shakespeare, this rhyme scheme consists of paragraphs of three lines each, known as tercets, that have the same end rhyme.

9. Villanelle

This poem has five stanzas of three lines each, that follow a rhyme scheme of ABA. This poem concludes with a stanza of four lines with the rhyme pattern ABAA.

10. Limerick

A limerick is a poem that consists of five lines each, with a rhyme scheme of AABBA.

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